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© 2018 by Ruiqing Cao.

'to construct moving relationships out of brute materials was to be the central ambition of Brutalism'


Reyner Banham, 1955

This project uses design strategies to investigate the relationship* between architecture, people and object in response to the transformation of Brutalist architecture.


Brutalism impresses people by its imaginative sculptural form. This architectural ethic that “construct moving relationships out of brute materials” once shaped modern British landscape. Today, Brutalist buildings are gradually disappearing in London because of the city regeneration plan.

The loss of Brutalism is a part of its transformation process, but these buildings will survive in a different incarnation. 


In the future, the conservation of Brutalism is required not only to foster positive public views and to understand the issue of regeneration; but also to ensure the material elements of Brutalist architecture being perceived as key to the structures’ significance.

*The Relationship


For people, buildings are inextricably interwoven with life itself. Architecture is the vessel of life, the extension of body, and subjectively, the position of people and architecture is even interchangeable. They interact, influence, and record each other. In this interrelationship of man and house, objects sometimes can be regarded as a medium or implement for them to communicate.